Shipping Container: Estimating and Panel Installation


1. Project Estimation

Decide which surface that you would like to insulate. A container is basically a cube with 6 sides, each side has 2 surfaces that you can cover. The possible surfaces now equals 12 sides, interior and exterior surfaces add in windows, doors, then R-Value the combinations are limitless. Start by figuring out how many surfaces you want to cover and R-Value (energy efficiency) you want to achieve.

Container Wall Call Outs


2. Wall Preparation per Industry Standards

    • Ensure all surfaces are clean of any debris, dust, loose paint, etc before installing InSoFast panels. It is up to the installer to determine the suitability of the adhesive for the surface you are bonding to. If in doubt, an adhesive performance test can be done.
    • Eliminate any leaks before installing InSoFast panels. Do not penetrate the steel walls of your container with screws or fasteners. This compromises the continuous seal and can introduce moisture-related issues.
    • If the container has large dented or indented areas, we recommend hammering them as smooth as possible before installing InSoFast products. As an alternative, the foam of the panel or insert can be adjusted by either carving away the InSoFast foam or by adding spray foam as as a dent filler.
    • Cut out and frame all openings before installing any InSoFast panels or inserts.

3. Panels & Inserts 

The InSoFast CX 44 Container panel are designed to fit most shipping containers. Containers have three types of corrugations: side wall, end wall, and ceiling. Refer to the container diagrams to determine if the InSoFast products will fit your container’s corrugations. We recommend that you purchase a Container Sample Kit and physically measure the the panel's welded seams to see if there is an uniform 44" on center spacing. 

The panel is optimized for interior finishing with the electrical raceways built-in, CX44 is adaptable and will on the exterior walls applications too. The panel’s solid airtight construction helps prevents steel container condensation issues. CX44 panel varies in thickness from 2" to 3 1/2″ thick of closed-cell, injection-molded EPS foam and achieves R-11 insulation.  The specifically shaped EPS is designed to fill the inset corrugation of a shipping container where the side wall weld seams are 44"on center.  If the weld seams are less than 44" this may involve trimming the panels to fit.  Contact our technical department about triming and stack bonding panel alternative methods of installation. 

Side Wall corrugation dimensions that the CX44 will fit.

  • The CX 44 Panel 24" x 44"
    • It is a good choice as a base panel for the InSoFast PLUS when higher R-Value is needed. 
    • Designed to fit 44" wide weld seam to weld seam.
    • CX44  Panel (5 panels/box) 36.67 s.f.
      • One 20’ high cube wall would require 5 boxes of the CX 44 panels
      • One 40’ high cube wall would require 10 boxes of the CX 44 panels
      • Side Wall Inserts Option if you are not using the CX panel

CX44 Series Panel

Panel Dimensions 24in × 44in × 2in-3 1/2in
Horizontal Chase 48in × 1in × ¾in
Vertical Chase 24in × ¾in × ¾in
Linear Coverage 7.33sq-ft
R-Value R-8.5
Insulated Studs Surface
Interlocking Edges
Cutting Indication Lines
Code Depth Raceways
Ready for Finishing
Interiors
Exteriors
Side Walls weld seam @ 44" O.C.
Exterior
Interior
Commercial
Industrial
Educational
Shipping Containers
Tiny Houses
LEED/Green Build
NFPA Assembies

 

SideWall Inserts 

  • See Diagram.
  • In Boxes of 28 inserts 4' long (covers 12’of the container wall 8’high)
    • One side of a 20' container would need 1 3/4 boxes of the Side Wall inserts
    • One side of a 40' container would need 3 1/2 boxes of the Side Wall inserts

End Wall  or the containers nose corrugation

  • See Diagram
  • End Wall Inserts - 4’ (20/box) 72 s.f. coverage
    • One box per end wall
    • UX 2.0 or EX 2.5 (5 panels/box) 40 s.f.
      • You woud need 2 boxes UX 2.0 and one box of inserts
      • You woud need 2 boxes EX 2.5 and one box of inserts

Ceiling corrugation 

  • See Diagram
  • Ceiling Inserts - 4’ (57/box) 160 s.f. coverage
  • UX 2.0 or EX 2.5 (5 panels/box) 40 s.f.

    • One 20 Container Ceiling would require 4 boxes of the UX 2.0 or EX 2.5 and 1 Box of ceiling insert
    • One 40 Container Ceiling would require 8 boxes of the UX 2.0 or EX 2.5 and 2 Box of ceiling insert

Floor and Ceiling Applications: UX 2.0 or EXi Panels 2.5 (5 panels/box) 40 s.f.

  • UX 2.0 or EX 2.5 (5 panels/box) 40 s.f.
    • One 20 Container floor would require 4 boxes of the UX 2.0 or EX 2.5
    • One 40 Container floor would require 8 boxes of the UX 2.0 or EX 2.5 

UX 2.0 Panels

2″ thick  of closed-cell, injection-molded EPS foam body achieves R-8.5 insulation The UX2.0 is our thinest profile panel, optimized for  flat surface interior finishing. The UX 2.0 will work on floors, walls, ceiling and can be adapted for shipping container construction or other unique applications. It is a good choice as a base panel for the InSoFast PLUS when higher R-Value is needed.

UX 2.0 Flat Panel Series

Panel Dimensions 24in × 48in × 2in
Horizontal Chase 48in × 1in × ¾in
Vertical Chase 24in × ¾in × ¾in
Linear Coverage 8sq-ft
R-Value R-8.5
Insulated Studs Surface
Interlocking Edges
Cutting Indication Lines
Code Depth Raceways
Ready for Finishing
Interiors
Exteriors
Walls
Floors
Ceilings
Commercial
Industrial
Educational
Foundations Walls
Shipping Containers
Tiny Houses
Passive House
LEED/Green Build
Interiors
Exterior
NFPA Assembies

 

Side Walls weld seam @ 44" O.C.
Exterior
Interior
Commercial
Industrial
Educational
Shipping Containers
Tiny Houses
LEED/Green Build
NFPA Assembies

EXi 2.5 Panels

2 1/2″ thick of closed-cell, injection-molded EPS foam body achieves R-10 insulation. The EXi is optimized for interior finishing. The panel will work on floors, walls, ceiling and can be adapted for shipping container construction or other unique applications. It is a good choice as a base panel for the InSoFast PLUS when higher R-Value is needed.

EXi2.5 Flat Panel Series

EXi Dimensions 24in × 48in × 2½in
Horizontal Chase 48in × 1in × ¾in
Vertical Chase 24in × ¾in × ¾in
Linear Coverage 8sq-ft
R-Value R-10.5
Insulated Studs Embedded ½in
Interlocking Edges
Cutting Lines
Code Depth Raceways
Ready for Finishing
Interiors
Exteriors
Walls
Floors
Ceilings
Commercial
Industrial
Educational
Foundations Walls
Shipping Containers
Tiny Houses
Passive House
LEED/Green Build
Interiors
Exterior
NFPA Assembies

4. The Recommended Adhesive

Buy Shipping Container Insulation Panels in Monroe, NC

 

  • PL Premium 3x Construction Adhesive is the only recommended adhesive for adhering the InSoFast panels to shipping containers. Other formulas and brands may not work as expected.
  • PL Premium 3x is a moisture-cured glue that takes as little as 24 hours to cure. Under cold or dry conditions, the adhesive will take longer to cure. If you are in a dry climate, you may want to lightly mist the panel with a spray bottle of water to expedite the curing process.
  • PL Premium 3x is freeze-thaw stable but it does not cure during freezing temperatures. Even with heating the inside of the container, conditions outside the container will effect the cure time.
  • It will be necessary to brace panels on the ceiling while the adhesive sets.
  • Ensure adequate time for the adhesive to cure before attaching finished materials such as drywall and cabinets.

Loctite PL Premium

LOCTITE® PL PREMIUM® POLYURETHANE CONSTRUCTION ADHESIVE

New Look

Estimating Adhesive Quantity

Estimating the amount of adhesive YOU will use has variables beyond our control like condition of your walls and how accurate are you with a glue gun? The example below is for one side wall of a 20' standard height shipping container you will need approximately 3 tubes of the adhesive. That is in a perfect world. PL Premium 3x adhesive is applied in a ⅜" bead on the backside of the studs onto the ribbed surfaces.  We realize that a 3/8" bead of glue is very subjective. It is important that there is enough adhesive to squish the dovetails on the back side of the stud when pressed to the container wall. Adhesive follows the "Goldie Locks rule, too much, too little, and just right. If you are doing just right you can expect that 1 large 28-fl oz tube will cover 18 of our 24" long studs or enough glue at a 3/8" bead to cover 36 foot long bead of glue. 

Additionally you will have to estimate for glue around openings like windows and doors.

1 large 28-fl oz / 828 mL tube = 18 (24" studs or inserts)

  • CX 44 (22 panels with 2 studs each plus 8 end wall edges) = 52
  • 52 ÷ 18 = 3 tubes of the adhesive

 To verify that enough adhesive is used, press the panel into place. Pull the panel back and check to see if the adhesive has spread out beyond the full width of the stud. It is normal for the panel to "float out" from the side of the container when it is accommodating irregularities in the container walls. Additional adhesive may be necessary in some areas.

LOCTITE® PL PREMIUM® POLYURETHANE CONSTRUCTION ADHESIVE Rough estimate for  28 ounce tubes of adhesive required
Container CX 44 Side Walls End Wall and Inserts Ceiling and Inserts Swing Doors Floors Total without doors and floors Total Estimate with doors and floors
20' Container - Standard 3 Per side total 6 2 1/2  6 1/2 3 7 13 23
20' Container - High Cube 3 Per side total 7 2 1/2  6 1/2 3 7 14 24
40' Container - Standard 6 Per side total  12 2 1/2  13 3 14 28 45
40' Container - High Cube 6 Per side total  13 2 1/2  13 3 14 29 46

Safety Precautions
Wear gloves. Cured adhesive on bare skin will not come off immediately with washing and will cause skin to darken. Cured adhesive and discoloration will come off in about 3 days.

Preparation
Use above 40°F (4°C) and below. Surfaces must be clean, dry and free of frost, grease, dust and other contaminants. Pre-fit all materials and protect finished surfaces. If using cartridge format, cut nozzle at a 45° angle to desired bead size and puncture inner seal. Be very careful not to allow Loctite® PL® Premium to cure on a finished surface.

Application
Apply adhesive to the ribbed stud surface on the InSoFast panel/insulated stud. Press the bonding surfaces firmly together. The panels/studs may be repositioned within 30 minutes after applying the adhesive. If bonding two non-porous surfaces (such as InSoFast panel/studs, to metal or fiberglass), add water in the form of a very light or atomized spray from a plant mister bottle to the adhesive extruded on the stud, this accelerates the adhesive’s set time. When adding moisture re-positioning time is reduced. If needed use mechanical support for 24 hours while the adhesive cures. When bonding InSoFast panels/studs, avoid cure and surface temperatures above 90°F (32°C).

Cleanup
Clean tools and uncured adhesive residue immediately with mineral spirits in a well-ventilated area to the outdoors. Remove cured adhesive by carefully scraping with a sharp-edged tool.


5. Tools and Supplies

Hot Knife for containers

  • Long snap off blade utility knife
  • Saw – hand, jig, skill, table
  • Gap and crack foam for sealing corners/openings and at the top of the wall

Tools

  • PL Premium 3x Stronger Construction Adhesive
    • 28 oz. tube covers 50 s.f. of InSoFast Panels
    • 28 oz. tube covers 100 l.f. of InSerts

6. Controlling Condensation

A shipping container provides the perfect air tight "building envelope". This type of construction requires a heating, ventilating, dehumidifier and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems that provides fresh air exchange, controls moisture or removes the latent moisture load to control interior humidity. It is also very important to prevent condensation that is caused by air leakage or infiltration. This is done by air sealing with expanding spray foam gap and crack filler or sealant:

  • At and around any cutout, outlet, penetration or opening through the InSoFast panels, container walls, ceilings or floors.
  • Anywhere the InSoFast panels intersect the container, ceiling, sides or floors.
  • The backside of the InSoFast panels to the container wall every 2’ horizontally as the panels are being installed.

7. Need more insulation?

  • When higher R-values are required for the walls or ceilings, additional sheet foam can be added.
  • Install the InSoFast panels and simply tack or glue sheets of foam in place. Install drywall or other interior finishes using longer screws to penetrate at least ½" into the face of the InSoFast stud.
  • CX Container panels can also be installed on the exterior, providing a greater R-Value and also an attachment for siding.

|Video Links:|

Download PDF Instructions

Container installation guide     pdf
Container Supplemental installation guide 2020     pdf
Insulating a shipping container door      pdf

InSoFast Plus Method

Need a higher R-value? No Problem! Start with a base of InSoFast continuous insulation panels they are feature-rich and easy to install. Then add rigid foam insulation over top of InSoFast panels.